Scholarly articles are peer-reviewed or refereed articles that are published in academic journals. Academic journals are also referred to as scholarly journals or peer-reviewed journals.
What is Peer Review?
"Peer review has been defined as a process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field. It functions to encourage authors to meet the accepted high standards of their discipline and to control the dissemination of research data to ensure that unwarranted claims, unacceptable interpretations or personal views are not published without prior expert review."
Source: Keel, J., Sadeghieh, T., & Adeli, K. (2014). Peer review in scientific publications: Benefits, critiques, and a survival guide. IEJIFCC, 25(3), 227-243 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4975196/pdf/ejifcc-25-227.pdf
It isn't always easy to tell if an article has been peer-reviewed. Some databases will label results as scholarly or academic or peer-reviewed. Some publishers will indicate the journal is peer-reviewed on their websites.
Here are some ways to identify if the article is scholarly:
Popular articles refer primarily to those published in magazines or newspapers.
Here are some ways to identify if the article is a popular source: