According to the Budapest Open Access Initiative, open access refers to literature that is free and available "...on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited." (Budapest Open Access Initiative, 2012)
We are excited to be part of the Open Access movement this year! Open access aligns with Adler University's mission of practicing social responsibility and advancing social change. By advocating and raising awareness of Open Access, we show our support for free access to scholarly research for everyone and, we reduce the social inequality caused by restricting access to academic research.
Dr. Priti Jain (2012) lists numerous benefits for Open Access in her paper "Promoting Open Access to Research in Academic Libraries."
"Research and publication: Through open access researchers have wider visibility and usage of their research findings. They have a significantly larger and more diverse audience. Increased exposure to research also increases citation rate. Open Access provides an avenue to connect with a global society more easily and researchers can publish without printing costs.
Teaching staff and students: By putting rich and poor on an equal footing, Open Access provides free articles for teaching and learning.
Benefits to author: OA gives authors a worldwide audience larger than that of any subscription-based journal, no matter how prestigious or popular, and demonstrably increases the visibility and impact of their work (Willinsky, 2010; Suber, 2010).
Benefit to readers: Readers around the globe can have barrier free access to the latest literature and research findings.
Benefit to Society: Society as a whole benefits from an expanded and accelerated research cycle in which research can advance more effectively because researchers have immediate access to all the findings they need.
Journals and publishers: OA makes their articles more visible, discoverable, retrievable, and useful. If a journal is OA, then it can use this superior visibility to attract submissions and advertising, not to mention readers and citations (Suber, 2010).
Funding agencies: OA increases the return on their investment in research, making the results of the funded research more widely available, more discoverable, more retrievable, and more useful. Thus OA provides fairness to taxpayers by providing open access to the results of publicly-funded research (Suber, 2010).
Governments: Government benefit from OA as funders of research and OA also promotes democracy by sharing non-classified government information as widely as possible (Suber, 2010).
Citizens: OA gives them access to peer-reviewed research, which is unavailable in public libraries, and gives them access to the research for which they pay taxes. OA accelerates not only research but the translation of research into new medicines, useful technologies, solved problems, and informed decisions that benefit everyone (Suber, 2010).
Libraries: OA solves the pricing and permission crisis for scholarly journals. OA also serves library interests in other indirect ways. Librarians want to help users find the information they need, regardless of the budget-enforced limits on the library's own collection. Academic librarians want to help faculties increase their audience and impact, and help the university raise its research profile (Suber, 2010).
Universities: Universities benefit from their researchers' increased impact and increase their visibility. OA reduces their journal expenses and advances their mission to share knowledge.
Benefits to nations: Open access incorporates local research into all interoperable network of global knowledge; increases impact of local research, providing new contacts and research partnerships for authors; removes professional isolation and strengthens economies through developing a strong and independent national science base (Antelman, 2004; Nicholas & Rowlands, 2005; Giarlo, 2005; Canada, 2009; Willinsky, 2010; Suber, 2010)." (Jain, 2012).